PHP include Statement

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PHP include() Statement


The include() statement is used to include a php file in another file. This way you can write a piece of code in a php file and can use it to multiple files through  include() statement.

If a.php is a php script calling b.php with include() statement, and does not find b.php, a.php executes with a warning, excluding the part of the code written within b.php.


include('name of the php file with path');

Example :

File my_include.php :

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  1. $sports1 = "football";  

  2. $sports2 = "cricket";  

  3. ?>  

File myfile.php, which includes my_include.php :

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  1. include('my_include.php');  

  2. echo "I prefer ".  $sports1 ."   

  3. than ".  $sports2;  

  4. ?>  

Output :

I prefer football  than cricket

View the example in the browser

If the file within require statement is not available :

For example, if you write my-include.php (which is not available),like this:

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  1. include('myfile_include.php');  

  2. echo "I prefer ".  $sports1 ."  than ".  $sports2;  

  3. ?>  


View the example of php include statement where included file is not present

You can see that it fails to meet the purpose of including the file myfile_include.php, but the script does not stop executing.

require() Statement

require() is identical to include() except upon failure. On failure it produce a fatal E_ERROR level error.

See also

require_once, include_once