Oracle CREATE TABLE

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Oracle CREATE TABLE

In Oracle, CREATE TABLE statement is used to create a new table in the database.

To create a table, you have to name that table and define its columns and datatype for each column.

Syntax:

  1. CREATE TABLE table_name  
  2. (   
  3.   column1 datatype [ NULL | NOT NULL ],  
  4.   column2 datatype [ NULL | NOT NULL ],  
  5.   ...  
  6.   column_n datatype [ NULL | NOT NULL ]  
  7. );  

Parameters used in syntax

  • table_name: It specifies the name of the table which you want to create.
  • column1, column2, ... column n: It specifies the columns which you want to add in the table. Every column must have a datatype. Every column should either be defined as "NULL" or "NOT NULL". In the case, the value is left blank; it is treated as "NULL" as default.

Oracle CREATE TABLE Example

Here we are creating a table named customers. This table doesn't have any primary key.

  1. CREATE TABLE customers  
  2. ( customer_id number(10) NOT NULL,  
  3.   customer_name varchar2(50) NOT NULL,  
  4.   city varchar2(50)  
  5. );  

This table contains three columns

  • customer_id: It is the first column created as a number datatype (maximum 10 digits in length) and cannot contain null values.
  • customer_name: it is the second column created as a varchar2 datatype (50 maximum characters in length) and cannot contain null values.
  • city: This is the third column created as a varchar2 datatype. It can contain null values.

Oracle CREATE TABLE Example with primary key

  1. CREATE TABLE customers  
  2. ( customer_id number(10) NOT NULL,  
  3.   customer_name varchar2(50) NOT NULL,  
  4.   city varchar2(50),  
  5.   CONSTRAINT customers_pk PRIMARY KEY (customer_id)  
  6. );  

What is Primary key

A primary key is a single field or combination of fields that contains a unique record. It must be filled. None of the field of primary key can contain a null value. A table can have only one primary key.

In Oracle, total number of columns cannot be more than 32.