HTML Links

Education is not limited to just classrooms. It can be gained anytime, anywhere... - Ravi Ranjan (M.Tech-NIT)

Links are found in nearly all web pages. Links allow users to click their way from page to page.


HTML Links - Hyperlinks

HTML links are hyperlinks.

You can click on a link and jump to another document.

When you move the mouse over a link, the mouse arrow will turn into a little hand.

HTML Links - Syntax

In HTML, links are defined with the  tag:

 

<a href="url">link text</a>

Example

<a href="https://www.tutorialtours.com/">Visit our HTML tutorial</a>

The href attribute specifies the destination address (https://www.w3schools.com/html/) of the link.

The link text is the visible part (Visit our HTML tutorial).

Clicking on the link text will send you to the specified address.

Local Links

The example above used an absolute URL (A full web address).

A local link (link to the same web site) is specified with a relative URL (without http://www....).

Example

<a href="html_images.asp">HTML Images</a>

HTML Link Colors

By default, a link will appear like this (in all browsers):

  • An unvisited link is underlined and blue
  • A visited link is underlined and purple
  • An active link is underlined and red

You can change the default colors, by using styles:

Example

 

HTML Links - The target Attribute

The target attribute specifies where to open the linked document.

The target attribute can have one of the following values:

  • _blank - Opens the linked document in a new window or tab
  • _self - Opens the linked document in the same window/tab as it was clicked (this is default)
  • _parent - Opens the linked document in the parent frame
  • _top - Opens the linked document in the full body of the window
  • framename - Opens the linked document in a named frame

This example will open the linked document in a new browser window/tab:

<a href="https://www.tutorialtours.com/" target="_blank">Visit Tutorialtours!</a>

Tip: If your webpage is locked in a frame, you can use target="_top" to break out of the frame:

<a href="https://www.tutorialtours.com/" target="_top">HTML5 tutorial!</a>

HTML Links - Image as Link

It is common to use images as links:

<a href="default.asp">
  <img src="smiley.gif" alt="HTML tutorial" style="width:42px;height:42px;border:0;">
</a>

HTML Links - Create a Bookmark

HTML bookmarks are used to allow readers to jump to specific parts of a Web page.

Bookmarks can be useful if your webpage is very long.

To make a bookmark, you must first create the bookmark, and then add a link to it.

When the link is clicked, the page will scroll to the location with the bookmark.

Example

First, create a bookmark with the id attribute:

<h2 id="C4">Chapter 4</h2>

Then, add a link to the bookmark ("Jump to Chapter 4"), from within the same page

<a href="#C4">Jump to Chapter 4</a>

Or, add a link to the bookmark ("Jump to Chapter 4"), from another page:

Example

<a href="html_demo.html#C4">Jump to Chapter 4</a>

External Paths

External pages can be referenced with a full URL or with a path relative to the current web page.

This example uses a full URL to link to a web page:

<a href="https://www.tutorialtours.com/ html/default.asp ">HTML tutorial</a>

Example

This example links to a page located in the html folder on the current web site:

Example

<a href="/html/default.asp">HTML tutorial</a>

  This example links to a page located in the same folder as the current page:

Example

<a href="default.asp">HTML tutorial</a>

Chapter Summary

 

  • Use the href attribute to define the link address
  • Use the target attribute to define where to open the linked document
  • Use the  element (inside ) to use an image as a link

 

  • Use the id attribute (id="value") to define bookmarks in a page
  • Use the href attribute (href="#value") to link to the bookmark