Event Handling

Education is not limited to just classrooms. It can be gained anytime, anywhere... - Ravi Ranjan (M.Tech-NIT)

Event and Listener (Java Event Handling)

Changing the state of an object is known as an event. For example, click on button, dragging mouse etc. The java.awt.event package provides many event classes and Listener interfaces for event handling.

Java Event classes and Listener interfaces

Event Classes

Listener Interfaces

ActionEvent

ActionListener

MouseEvent

MouseListener and MouseMotionListener

MouseWheelEvent

MouseWheelListener

KeyEvent

KeyListener

ItemEvent

ItemListener

TextEvent

TextListener

AdjustmentEvent

AdjustmentListener

WindowEvent

WindowListener

ComponentEvent

ComponentListener

ContainerEvent

ContainerListener

FocusEvent

FocusListener

Steps to perform Event Handling

Following steps are required to perform event handling:

  1. Register the component with the Listener

Registration Methods

For registering the component with the Listener, many classes provide the registration methods. For example:

  • Button
    • public void addActionListener(ActionListener a){}
  • MenuItem
    • public void addActionListener(ActionListener a){}
  • TextField
    • public void addActionListener(ActionListener a){}
    • public void addTextListener(TextListener a){}
  • TextArea
    • public void addTextListener(TextListener a){}
  • Checkbox
    • public void addItemListener(ItemListener a){}
  • Choice
    • public void addItemListener(ItemListener a){}
  • List
    • public void addActionListener(ActionListener a){}
    • public void addItemListener(ItemListener a){}

Java Event Handling Code

We can put the event handling code into one of the following places:

  1. Within class
  2. Other class
  3. Anonymous class

Java event handling by implementing ActionListener

  1. import java.awt.*;  
  2. import java.awt.event.*;  
  3. class AEvent extends Frame implements ActionListener{  
  4. TextField tf;  
  5. AEvent(){  
  6.   
  7. //create components  
  8. tf=new TextField();  
  9. tf.setBounds(60,50,170,20);  
  10. Button b=new Button("click me");  
  11. b.setBounds(100,120,80,30);  
  12.   
  13. //register listener  
  14. b.addActionListener(this);//passing current instance  
  15.   
  16. //add components and set size, layout and visibility  
  17. add(b);add(tf);  
  18. setSize(300,300);  
  19. setLayout(null);  
  20. setVisible(true);  
  21. }  
  22. public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e){  
  23. tf.setText("Welcome");  
  24. }  
  25. public static void main(String args[]){  
  26. new AEvent();  
  27. }  
  28. }  

Public void setBounds(int xaxis, int yaxis, int width, int height); have been used in the above example that sets the position of the component it may be button, textfield etc.

2) Java event handling by outer class

  1. import java.awt.*;  
  2. import java.awt.event.*;  
  3. class AEvent2 extends Frame{  
  4. TextField tf;  
  5. AEvent2(){  
  6. //create components  
  7. tf=new TextField();  
  8. tf.setBounds(60,50,170,20);  
  9. Button b=new Button("click me");  
  10. b.setBounds(100,120,80,30);  
  11. //register listener  
  12. Outer o=new Outer(this);  
  13. b.addActionListener(o);//passing outer class instance  
  14. //add components and set size, layout and visibility  
  15. add(b);add(tf);  
  16. setSize(300,300);  
  17. setLayout(null);  
  18. setVisible(true);  
  19. }  
  20. public static void main(String args[]){  
  21. new AEvent2();  
  22. }  
  23. }  
  1. import java.awt.event.*;  
  2. class Outer implements ActionListener{  
  3. AEvent2 obj;  
  4. Outer(AEvent2 obj){  
  5. this.obj=obj;  
  6. }  
  7. public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e){  
  8. obj.tf.setText("welcome");  
  9. }  
  10. }  

3) Java event handling by anonymous class

  1. import java.awt.*;  
  2. import java.awt.event.*;  
  3. class AEvent3 extends Frame{  
  4. TextField tf;  
  5. AEvent3(){  
  6. tf=new TextField();  
  7. tf.setBounds(60,50,170,20);  
  8. Button b=new Button("click me");  
  9. b.setBounds(50,120,80,30);  
  10.   
  11. b.addActionListener(new ActionListener(){  
  12. public void actionPerformed(){  
  13. tf.setText("hello");  
  14. }  
  15. });  
  16. add(b);add(tf);  
  17. setSize(300,300);  
  18. setLayout(null);  
  19. setVisible(true);  
  20. }  
  21. public static void main(String args[]){  
  22. new AEvent3();  
  23. }  
  24. }